ENUMERATE Statistics


A first core survey of ENUMERATE had been conducted in 2012 to give a general overview of the state of digitisation in Europe. The results of Core Survey 1 have been published on the ENUMERATE website (Survey Report on Digitisation in European Cultural Heritage Institutions 2012).

From February to April 2013 the ENUMERATE network carried out in-depth thematic surveys focusing improvements in quality and methodology. The Thematic Survey results are also available on the project website (Report on the ENUMERATE Thematic Surveys on Digital Collections in European Cultural Heritage Institutions 2013).

The raw data collected over the past three years will be accessible through the ENUMERATE Data Platform.



In early 2012 the ENUMERATE network carried out a short Core Survey across Europe. The survey was online from February 1st to March 31st. More than 2500 institutions from 29 European countries participated in the survey and the number of valid responses is close to 2000.

The Core Survey has gathered data about:

  • The digitisation of collections
  • The cost of digitisation efforts
  • Access to digitised heritage collections
  • The preservation of digital heritage materials

Data have been statistically analysed and ENUMERATE’s first report into the state of digitisation in Europe's cultural heritage institutions is now available (see the link below).

Some highlights of the findings are:

  • c83% of cultural heritage institutions have a digital collection;
  • c20% of all collections have been digitised and c57% still needs to be digitised (for 23% of collections over all there is no need to digitise);
  • More than 50% of cultural heritage institutions collect born digital materials;
  • c34% of institutions have a digitisation strategy;
  • c85% of institutions use Web statistics to measure the use of their digital collections;
  • 2 years from now institutions estimate to make twice as much of their collections accessible through Europeana as compared to today;
  • On average 3.3% of paid staff in all cultural heritage institutions is working full time on digitisation.

A PDF of the report can be downloaded here:

The translated questionnaires of Core Survey I can be downloaded here:



Nearly 1400 heritage institutions participated during the months of November and December 2013 in Core Survey 2, the EU sponsored sequel to ENUMERATE’s first Core Survey on European digital heritage collections of 2012.

The Survey Report on Digitisation in European Cultural Heritage Institutions 2014 concludes a three-year period of EU financed monitoring of the digital heritage domain.

What is notable in Core Survey 2?

Some findings in the ENUMERATE Core 2 Survey report are:

  • The number of institutions with a distinct digitisation policy is 36%, which is slightly higher than it was in 2012 (34%). However, more than 87% of institutions say they have a digital collection (this was 83% in Core Survey 1).
  • If we take all types of heritage institutions together, approximately 17% of the analogue collections has been digitally reproduced, whereas about 52% still needs to be digitised (for an estimated 30% of all collections there is no need to digitise).
  • If we cautiously assume that these 17% has been digitised in the past 10 years, it will take at least 30 years to meet the present digitisation needs of European heritage institutions.
  • As compared to Core Survey 1 progressively more institutions (51%) measure the number of times their digital metadata and digital objects are being accessed online. In 2012 this was 42%. Website statistics are the most popular monitoring instrument.
  • Estimates of the cost of digital collections show that the incidental costs - the costs of the initial creation or acquisition of digital collections - are higher (53%) than the structural costs - the costs of the on-going maintenance, enhancement and preservation of digital collections (47%).


Three years of ENUMERATE monitoring efforts provided a wealth of intelligence about the European digital heritage collections. It also resulted in a solid framework for doing statistical research in the digital heritage domain. We are delighted to announce that the work of ENUMERATE network will be continued as a part of Europeana’s Professional network.

The full report on Core Survey 2 can be downloaded here:


Discover the figures on Core Survey 2 through the ENUMERATE Data Platform.